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How and When to Use Adult CPR

CPR has two main parts: compressions and giving breaths. These two components work together by pumping blood and oxygen to the brain and heart. Adult CPR is different than child/infant CPR, so if you ever encounter someone who needs CPR but are unsure of whether or not they are a child or adult, treat them like an adult. Let’s break down the steps of compressions and breaths.

1) First, make sure the person is lying on their back on a flat, firm surface. Move clothes and/or objects out of their way – this makes the scene safe for both you and them.

2) Put the heel of one hand on the lower half of the breastbone, and put the heel of your other hand on top of the first hand.

3) Push straight down at least 2 inches at the rate of at least 100 compressions per minute. To help you time this, you can think of the song “Stayin’ Alive” by the Bee Gees – there are 103 beats/minute in it!

4) After each compression, let the chest come back up to its normal position. You will know the compressions are working once you see the chest rise – this means that the person has taken in enough air. These compressions are super important, so if you’re getting tired and have someone else who also knows CPR with you, take turns.

Now, let’s move on to opening the airway and giving breaths.

1) To open the airway, put one hand on their forehead and the fingers of your other hand on the bony part of their chin. Tilt their head back and lift the chin.

2) Pinch the nose closed. Take a breath. Cover the person’s mouth with your mouth.

3) Give 2 breaths (1 second each). Make sure the chest is rising as you give each breath.

If you notice that the chest isn’t rising, allow their head to go back to their normal position. Then, try again. Also, it’s important to note that you should not interrupt compressions for more than 10 seconds to give breaths.

And there you have it!

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Precious Hearts, LLC is an Authorized Provider of the American Heart Association's CPR and ECC courses. It is our intent to provide an exceptional learning experience for all who entrust us with their minds!
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